USDA Forest ServiceSkip navigational links    
 Pacific Southwest Research Station
 Pacific Southwest
Research Station
 About Us
 Contact Us
 Publications & Products

Lincoln Complex Fire

25 August

20 August south

20 August north

19 August

18 August


Pacific Southwest Research Station
800 Buchanan Street
West Annex Building
Albany, CA 94710-0011

(510) 559-6300

 United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.
>500 C

300 C

200 C

60 C

30 C

<30 C


 Piper Navajo remote sensing aircraft

Fire Science

Wildfire Monitoring and Prediction
Fire Imaging
Lincoln Fire, Moose Creek, MT
18 August 2003

As viewed by the FireMapper™ Thermal-Imaging Radiometer

Images were collected from the PSW Airborne Sciences Aircraft and disseminated in part by satellite communications in near-real time. FireMapper measures the radiance of emitted thermal-infrared light, which readily penetrates smoke. False-color images shown here depict the apparent surface temperature (in Celsius) as estimated from radiance and a simple black-body model. Warmer tones represent recent or active combustion; areas of gray are cooling ash or warm bare ground (see chart below). Low temperatures of unburned forest and cool ground are shown in green. Images have been geographically referenced. Vertical exaggeration in 3-d views is 1.5 to one unless otherwise noted.


Location Map

Lincoln complex (courtesy of Active fires are labeled in white.

Click on the image above to view a larger JPEG image

Fire Map



Click on the image above to view a larger JPEG image
(opens a new browser window)
Fire Imagery

The following color-coded images depict apparent ground surface temperatures in Celsius. Roads, streams, and the text in the background are from a 1:100,000 topographic map.


Image 1:
Ground surface temperatures as viewed from above at 11.9 micrometers wavelength on 18 August 2003, at 11:13 and 11:18 UMT.

Click on the image above to view a larger JPEG image

Image 2:
Image from above, on a shaded relief map.

Click on the image above to view a larger JPEG image
Image 3:
Topographic view as seen from the southeast of Image 1.

Click on the image above to view a larger JPEG image

MONDAY AUGUST 18, 2003 - 0800 MDT. (Courtesy of

LINCOLN COMPLEX, Helena National Forest. A Type 1 Incident Management Team
(Studebaker) is assigned. This complex is comprised of the Moose-Wasson and Snow-Talon fires, ten miles west of Lincoln, MT. There were moderate rates of spread with occasional torching and short range spotting. The decrease in acreage is due to more accurate mapping. Structure protection is in place for 25 residences.


Archives of past fires: 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001

Forest mapping: 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001

FireMapper™ Specifications: Instrument

FireMapper™ References: Publications

FireMapper™ Tools- image analysis software: ftp downloads page

For Further Information: contact Dr. Philip J. Riggan


FireMapper™ has been developed through a Research Joint Venture with Space Instruments, Inc., and support from the National Fire Plan, Forest Service International Programs, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Joint Fire Sciences Program, and the U.S. Agency for International Development.
Disclaimer: Trade names, commercial products, and enterprises are mentioned solely for information. No endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is implied.

Disclaimers | Privacy Policy

 Last Modified: 2005-03-03